reltool

Main API of the Reltool application

This is an interface module for the Reltool application.

Reltool is a release management tool. It analyses a given Erlang/OTP installation and determines various dependencies between applications. The graphical frontend depicts the dependencies and enables interactive customization of a target system. The backend provides a batch interface for generation of customized target systems.

The tool uses an installed Erlang/OTP system as input. root_dir is the root directory of the analysed system and it defaults to the system executing reltool. Applications may also be located outside root_dir. lib_dirs defines library directories where additional applications may reside and it defaults to the directories listed by the operating system environment variable ERL_LIBS. See the module code for more info. Finally single modules and entire applications may be read from Escripts.

Some configuration parameters control the behavior of Reltool on system (sys) level. Others provide control on application (app) level and yet others are on module (mod) level. Module level parameters override application level parameters and application level parameters override system level parameters. Escript escript level parameters override system level parameters.

The following top level options are supported:

config

This is the main option and it controls the configuration of reltool. It can either be a sys tuple or a name of a file containing a sys tuple.

trap_exit

This option controls the error handling behavior of reltool. By default the window processes traps exit, but this behavior can altered by setting trap_exit to false.

wx_debug

This option controls the debug level of wx. As its name indicates it is only useful for debugging. See wx:debug/1 for more info.

Besides the already mentioned source parameters root_dir and lib_dirs, the following system (sys) level options are supported:

erts

Erts specific configuration. See application level options below.

escript

Escript specific configuration. An escript has a mandatory file name and escript level options that are described below.

app

Application specific configuration. An application has a mandatory name and application level options that are described below.

mod_cond

This parameter controls the module inclusion policy. It defaults to all which means that if an application is included (either explicitly or implicitly) all modules in that application will be included. This implies that both modules that exist in the ebin directory of the application, as well as modules that are named in the app file will be included. If the parameter is set to ebin, both modules in the ebin directory and derived modules are included. If the parameter is set to app, both modules in the app file and derived modules are included. derived means that only modules that are used by other included modules are included. The mod_cond setting on system level is used as default for all applications.

incl_cond

This parameter controls the application and escript inclusion policy. It defaults to derived which means that the applications that do not have any explicit incl_cond setting, will only be included if any other (explicitly or implicitly included) application uses it. The value include implies that all applications and escripts that do not have any explicit incl_cond setting will be included. exclude implies that all applications and escripts) that do not have any explicit incl_cond setting will be excluded.

boot_rel

A target system may have several releases but the one given as boot_rel will be used as default when the system is booting up.

rel

Release specific configuration. Each release maps to a rel, script and boot file. See the module systools for more info about the details. Each release has a name, a version and a set of applications with a few release specific parameters such as type and included applications.

relocatable

This parameter controls whether the erl executable in the target system should automatically determine where it is installed or if it should use a hardcoded path to the installation. In the latter case the target system must be installed with reltool:install/2 before it can be used. If the system is relocatable, the file tree containing the target system can be moved to another location without re-installation. The default is true.

profile

The creation of the specification for a target system is performed in two steps. In the first step a complete specification is generated. It will likely contain much more files than you are interested in in your customized target system. In the second step the specification will be filtered according to your filters. There you have the ability to specify filters per application as well as system wide filters. You can also select a profile for your system. Depending on the profile, different default filters will be used. There are three different profiles to choose from: development, embedded and standalone. development is default. The parameters that are affected by the profile are: incl_sys_filters, excl_sys_filters, incl_app_filters and excl_app_filters.

app_file

This parameter controls the default handling of the app files when a target system is generated. It defaults to keep which means that app files are copied to the target system and their contents are kept as they are. strip means that a new app file is generated from the contents of the original app file where the non included modules are removed from the file. all does also imply that a new app file is generated from the contents of the original app file, with the difference that all included modules are added to the file. If the application does not have any app file a file will be created for all but not for keep and strip.

debug_info

The debug_info parameter controls whether the debug information in the beam file should be kept (keep) or stripped strip when the file is copied to the target system.

incl_sys_filters

This parameter normally contains a list of regular expressions that controls which files in the system should be included. Each file in the target system must match at least one of the listed regular expressions in order to be included. Further the files may not match any filter in excl_sys_filters in order to be included. Which application files should be included is controlled with the parameters incl_app_filters and excl_app_filters. This parameter defaults to [".*"].

excl_sys_filters

This parameter normally contains a list of regular expressions that controls which files in the system should not be included in the target system. In order to be included, a file must match some filter in incl_sys_filters but not any filter in excl_sys_filters. This parameter defaults to [].

incl_app_filters

This parameter normally contains a list of regular expressions that controls which application specific files that should be included. Each file in the application must match at least one of the listed regular expressions in order to be included. Further the files may not match any filter in excl_app_filters in order to be included. This parameter defaults to [".*"].

excl_app_filters

This parameter normally contains a list of regular expressions that controls which application specific files should not be included in the target system. In order to be included, a file must match some filter in incl_app_filters but not any filter in excl_app_filters. This parameter defaults to [].

incl_archive_filters

This parameter normally contains a list of regular expressions that controls which top level directories in an application should be included in an archive file (as opposed to being included as a regular directory outside the archive). Each top directory in the application must match at least one of the listed regular expressions in order to be included. Further the files may not match any filter in excl_app_filters in order to be included. This parameter defaults to [".*"].

excl_archive_filters

This parameter normally contains a list of regular expressions that controls which top level directories in an application should not be included in an archive file. In order to be included in the application archive, a top directory must match some filter in incl_archive_filters but not any filter in excl_archive_filters. This parameter defaults to ["^include$","^priv$"].

archive_opts

This parameter contains a list of options that are given to zip:create/3 when application specific files are packaged into an archive. Only a subset of the options are supported. The most useful options in this context are the ones that control which types of files should be compressed. This parameter defaults to [].

On application (escript) level, the following options are supported:

incl_cond

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

On application (app) level, the following options are supported:

vsn

The version of the application. In an installed system there may exist several versions of an application. The vsn parameter controls which version of the application will be chosen. If it is omitted, the latest version will be chosen.

mod

Module specific configuration. A module has a mandatory name and module level options that are described below.

mod_cond

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

incl_cond

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

app_file

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

debug_info

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

incl_app_filters

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

excl_app_filters

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

incl_archive_filters

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

excl_archive_filters

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

archive_opts

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on system level.

On module (mod) level, the following options are supported:

incl_cond

This parameter controls whether the module is included or not. By default the mod_incl parameter on application and system level will be used to control whether the module is included or not. The value of incl_cond overrides the module inclusion policy. include implies that the module is included, while exclude implies that the module is not included. derived implies that the module is included if it is used by any other included module.

debug_info

The value of this parameter overrides the parameter with the same name on application level.

DATA TYPES

options()           = [option()]
option()            = {config, config() | file()}
                    | {trap_exit, bool()}
                    | {wx_debug, term()} 
config()            = {sys, [sys()]}
sys()               = {root_dir, root_dir()}
                    | {lib_dirs, [lib_dir()]}
                    | {profile, profile()}
                    | {erts, app()}
                    | {escript, escript_file(), [escript()]}
                    | {app, app_name(), [app()]}
                    | {mod_cond, mod_cond()} 
                    | {incl_cond, incl_cond()}
                    | {boot_rel, boot_rel()}
                    | {rel, rel_name(), rel_vsn(), [rel_app()]}
                    | {relocatable, relocatable()}
                    | {app_file, app_file()}
                    | {debug_info, debug_info()}
                    | {incl_sys_filters, incl_sys_filters()}
                    | {excl_sys_filters, excl_sys_filters()}
                    | {incl_app_filters, incl_app_filters()}
                    | {excl_app_filters, excl_app_filters()}
                    | {incl_archive_filters, incl_archive_filters()}
                    | {excl_archive_filters, excl_archive_filters()}
                    | {archive_opts, [archive_opt()]}
app()               = {vsn, app_vsn()}
                    | {mod, mod_name(), mod()}
                    | {mod_cond, mod_cond()}
                    | {incl_cond, incl_cond()}
                    | {debug_info, debug_info()}
                    | {app_file, app_file()}
                    | {incl_sys_filters, incl_sys_filters()}
                    | {excl_sys_filters, excl_sys_filters()}
                    | {incl_app_filters, incl_app_filters()}
                    | {excl_app_filters, excl_app_filters()}
                    | {incl_archive_filters, incl_archive_filters()}
                    | {excl_archive_filters, excl_archive_filters()}
                    | {archive_opts, [archive_opt()]}
mod()               = {vsn, app_vsn()}
                    | {incl_cond, incl_cond()}
                    | {debug_info, debug_info()}
rel_app()           = app_name()
                    | {app_name(), app_type()} 
                    | {app_name(), [incl_app()]}
                    | {app_name(), app_type(), [incl_app()]}
app_name()          = atom()
app_type()          = permanent | transient | temporary | load | none
app_vsn()           = string()
archive_opt         = zip_create_opt()
boot_rel()          = rel_name()
app_file()          = keep | strip | all
debug_info()        = keep | strip
dir()               = string()
escript()           = {incl_cond, incl_cond()}
escript_file()      = file()
excl_app_filters()  = regexps()
excl_archive_filters() = regexps()
excl_sys_filters()  = regexps()
file()              = string()
incl_app()          = app_name()
incl_app_filters()  = regexps()
incl_archive_filters() = regexps()
incl_cond()         = include | exclude | derived
incl_sys_filters()  = regexps()
lib_dir()           = dir()
mod_cond()          = all | app | ebin | derived | none
mod_name()          = atom()
profile()           = development | embedded | standalone
re_regexp()         = string()
reason()            = string()
regexps()           = [re_regexp()]
                    | {add, [re_regexp()]}
                    | {del, [re_regexp()]}
rel_file()          = term()
rel_name()          = string()
rel_vsn()           = string()
relocatable         = boolean()
root_dir()          = dir()
script_file()       = term()
server()            = server_pid() | options()
server_pid()        = pid()
target_dir()        = file()
window_pid()        = pid()
base_dir()          = dir()
base_file()         = file()
top_dir()           = file()
top_file()          = file()
target_spec()       = [target_spec()]
                    | {create_dir, base_dir(), [target_spec()]}
                    | {create_dir, base_dir(), top_dir(), [target_spec()]}
                    | {archive, base_file(), [archive_opt()], [target_spec()]}
                    | {copy_file, base_file()}
                    | {copy_file, base_file(), top_file()}
                    | {write_file, base_file(), iolist()}
                    | {strip_beam_file, base_file()}

Functions


create_target(Server, TargetDir) -> ok | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • TargetDir = target_dir()
  • Reason = reason()

Create a target system. Gives the same result as {ok,TargetSpec}=reltool:get_target_spec(Server) and reltool:eval_target_spec(TargetSpec,RootDir,TargetDir).

eval_target_spec(TargetSpec, RootDir, TargetDir) -> ok | {error, Reason}

  • TargetSpec = target_spec()
  • RootDir = root_dir()
  • TargetDir = target_dir()
  • Reason = reason()

Create the actual target system from a specification generated by reltool:get_target_spec/1. The creation of the specification for a target system is performed in two steps. In the first step a complete specification will be generated. It will likely contain much more files than you are interested in in your target system. In the second step the specification will be filtered according to your filters. There you have the ability to specify filters per application as well as system wide filters. You can also select a profile for your system. Depending on the profile, different default filters will be used.

The top directories bin, releases and lib are treated differently from other files. All other files are by default copied to the target system. The releases directory contains generated rel, script, and boot files. The lib directory contains the applications. Which applications are included and if they should be customized (archived, stripped from debug info etc.) is specified with various configuration parameters. The files in the bin directory are copied from the erts-vsn/bin directory, but only those files that were originally included in the bin directory of the source system.

If the configuration parameter relocatable was set to true there is no need to install the target system with reltool:install/2 before it can be started. In that case the file tree containing the target system can be moved without re-installation.

In most cases, the RootDir parameter should be set to the same as the root_dir configuration parameter used in the call to reltool:get_target_spec/1 (or code:root_dir() if the configuration parameter is not set). In some cases it might be useful to evaluate the same target specification towards different root directories. This should, however, be used with great care as it requires equivalent file structures under all roots.

get_config(Server) -> {ok, Config} | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • Config = config()
  • Reason = reason()

Get reltool configuration. Shorthand for reltool:get_config(Server,false,false).

get_config(Server, InclDefaults, InclDerived) -> {ok, Config} | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • InclDefaults = incl_defaults()
  • InclDerived = incl_derived()
  • Config = config()
  • Reason = reason()

Get reltool configuration. Normally, only the explicit configuration parameters with values that differ from their defaults are interesting. But the builtin default values can be returned by setting InclDefaults to true. The derived configuration can be returned by setting InclDerived to true.

get_rel(Server, Relname) -> {ok, RelFile} | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • RelName = rel_name()
  • RelFile = rel_file()
  • Reason = reason()

Get contents of a release file. See rel(4) for more details.

get_script(Server, Relname) -> {ok, ScriptFile | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • RelName = rel_name()
  • ScriptFile = script_file()
  • Reason = reason()

Get contents of a boot script file. See script(4) for more details.

get_status(Server) -> {ok, [Warning]} | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • Warning = string()
  • Reason = reason()

Get status about the configuration

get_server(WindowPid) -> {ok, ServerPid} | {error, Reason}

  • WindowPid = window_pid()
  • ServerPid = server_pid()
  • Reason = reason()

Return the process identifier of the server process.

get_target_spec(Server) -> {ok, TargetSpec} | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • TargetSpec = target_spec()
  • Reason = reason()

Return a specification of the target system. The actual target system can be created with reltool:eval_target_spec/3.

install(Server, TargetDir) -> ok | {error, Reason}

  • Server = server()
  • TargetDir = target_dir()
  • Reason = reason()

Install a created target system

start() -> {ok, WindowPid} | {error, Reason}

  • WindowPid = window_pid()
  • Reason = reason()

Start a main window process with default options

start(Options) -> {ok, WindowPid} | {error, Reason}

  • Options = options()
  • WindowPid = window_pid()
  • Reason = reason()

Start a main window process with options

start_link(Options) -> {ok, WindowPid} | {error, Reason}

  • Options = options()
  • WindowPid = window_pid()
  • Reason = reason()

Start a main window process with options. The process is linked.

start_server(Options) -> {ok, ServerPid} | {error, Reason}

  • Options = options()
  • ServerPid = server_pid()
  • Reason = reason()

Start a server process with options. The server process identity can be given as an argument to several other functions in the API.

stop(Pid) -> ok | {error, Reason}

  • Pid = server_pid() | window_pid()()
  • Reason = reason()

Stop a server or window process